Q: My husband and I are expecting a child, and we’re concerned about the environmental impacts of disposable diapers. I remember the old cloth diapers with pins that my mom used. Are there any new developments in the cloth-diapering field?
– Stephanie, via e-mail
A: A growing number of green-minded parents see the health and ecological benefits of reusable cloth diapers over disposables. Most disposables are made from petroleum-derived plastic and wood fiber: Some 250,000 trees are cut annually to make America’s disposable diapers.
According to The Green Guide, 95 percent of US families who use diapers use disposable ones – up to 8,000 per child. As a result, 3.5 million tons of used diapers are put in landfills each year. Accompanying these diapers is untreated fecal matter and urine that can easily contaminate groundwater. Any pathogens in this waste can be spread far and wide by insects and animals.
An additional concern used to be the production of the chemical dioxin during the bleaching process. Dioxin posed a risk to factory workers and the environment surrounding manufacturing facilities. Traces of the chemical, which scientists say is a carcinogen, were also present in the diapers. New bleaching methods claim to reduce dioxin production to undetectable levels.
For many, though, the bottom line is convenience – particularly given memories of hard-to-fasten, stinky cloth diapers collecting in a pail. But heightened ecoawareness in recent years has led to a profusion of reusable diaper choices, and consumers are taking another look.
Today reusable cloth diapers come in many different styles, but the common elements are an absorbent liner (ideally organic cotton or hemp fleece), and a waterproof cover. In some cases the two elements can be separated and washed individually; in others they are combined into one washable unit. Most varieties come with Velcro-style closures that obviate the need for safety pins.
Diaper-laundering services do still exist, and you may be able to locate one near you at: www.diapernet.org/locate.htm. Parents interested in minimizing their environmental impact on the cheap will wash their reusables at home (without bleach) and line-dry them. According to Mothering Magazine, some of the best brands are: Under the Nile, FuzBaby, Oskri, LizsCloth, and PeacefulMoon.
For those who can’t give up the convenience of disposables, several makers offer a kinder alternative to mainstream brands. Disposables from Nature Boy and Girl, Seventh Generation, Tushies, and TenderCare get high marks for using absorbent, chlorine-free materials and, in some cases, their biodegradability. And gDiapers offers washable cotton covers over flushable liners.
Check at your local health-food store or look online for e-commerce vendors such as Evo, Leslie’s Boutique, Cotton Babies, Green Mountain Diapers, and Nikki’s Diapers, among many others.
Got an environmental question? Write: EarthTalk, c/o E – The Environmental Magazine, Box 5098, Westport, CT 06881. Or e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.