Nothing beats a first. Firsts go down in the history books. We honor them with gold medals, bouquets, and anthems. But firsts need seconds.
On Dec. 14, 1903, Wilbur Wright went airborne. For three seconds. Something promising happened, but was it really flying? The next attempt, on Dec. 17, piloted by his brother Orville, was only nine seconds longer. But it was proof that what happened on Dec. 14 was real. A photograph of that second try shows Wilbur running alongside the flying machine. And it was definitely flying. Dec. 17 is the date remembered for the first flight.
F. Scott Fitzgerald may have morosely declared that there are “no second acts in American life,” but second acts are crucial. They let us correct mistakes and try again. Winning all the marbles the first time might be beginner’s luck. Doing it a second time proves you are an ace. Besides, science requires that results be reproducible to be valid.
This is not a knock on first-place finishers. A winner deserves a victory lap and a shower of ticker tape. But second-placers are no slouches. With that in mind, here are a few people to consider first-place second-placers:
•Tenzing Norgay, the second person to summit Mt. Everest. The Nepalese climber was only a few feet behind Edmund Hillary in 1953, a triviality after ascending 29,000 feet. Both men supported each other. Neither would have made it alone.
•Buzz Aldrin, the second man on the moon. He actually spent more time on the lunar surface than Neil Armstrong and seemed to have more fun.
•Alfred Russel Wallace, who developed the theory of evolution at the same time as Charles Darwin. Darwin published first but acknowledged that Wallace had the same ideas, calling the theory “your own and my child.”
•Susan Boyle (this isn’t my speciality but trust me, I looked it up). The British singer was runner-up in “Britain’s Got Talent 2009” but has sold more than 10 million copies of her debut album. Anybody remember who won first place in that contest?
•McKayla Maroney, the American gymnast who won a silver medal in the London Olympics. Her fall cost her the gold. Her “McKayla is not impressed” expression became an Internet sensation. She embraced it with good humor and even got to make the face with President Obama.
In a Monitor cover story, Robert A. Lehrman looks at presidential second terms. The common notion is that Fitzgerald was right, that there’s a “second-term curse.” But consider that along with Watergate, Iran-contra, and the Lewinsky scandals came the US-China breakthrough, the thaw in the cold war, and the late-’90s economic boom. Besides, the judgment of history is constantly being revised. Thomas Jefferson was considered a failure at the end of his second term. Harry S. Truman ended his presidency with a historically low approval rating. Both are now remembered as great presidents.
Second-termers can be lame ducks. But freed from the need to campaign for reelection they have the opportunity to rise above partisanship. That alone would prove that the trust voters twice placed in a president was fully merited.
Second acts are crucial in American life. Seconds allow for improvement. And they prove that firsts weren’t flukes.
John Yemma is editor of the Monitor. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.