A counternarrative for Boko Haram’s victims

As Nigeria pushes back the violent jihadist group, the millions of victims of that war are in desperate need. Yet one need – resiliency – is being mirrored back to them by one woman’s images of hope.

Reuters
A woman is seen at a camp for internally displaced people in Borno's state capital, Maiduguri, in Nigeria.

Nigeria’s war on the jihadist group Boko Haram is largely succeeding, bringing a relative calm to the country’s devastated northeast. Since 2009, the insurgents have killed more people than the Islamic State has in the Middle East. In one state alone, Borno, there are now more displaced people – 1.4 million – than all the refugees who fled to Europe last year. Despite the reduced violence, aiding the war’s victims is still more urgent than ever. In December, international donors plan to meet in Geneva to address Nigeria’s immense humanitarian crisis.

Material aid, however, is not all that Nigeria’s displaced millions need. Many require help with the emotional scars from witnessing the cruel violence of Boko Haram. Some 1.8 million children must return to school, especially to prevent them from joining jihadist groups. Entire communities have to be restored.

Most of all, these Nigerians need to steadily change the image of themselves as victims. That is not always easy when their current plight, which is serious, is constantly depicted in international media and then played back to them. The narrative of suffering often lasts long after the suffering is relieved.

One woman, a nurse and photojournalist named Fati Abubakar, has been offering a counternarrative. She is a native of Borno’s capital, Maiduguri, a city that has taken in some 600,000 displaced people. Last year, she became unhappy with the one-sided stories about the war’s victims. She began to take pictures of the people – laughing children, lively shoppers – to reveal their resiliency and their eagerness to thrive in the midst of adversity.

“The insurgency has been portrayed from mostly one angle, which is devastation and death. I was tired of the trauma narrative so I diverted from it,” she told NPR.

She posted the images on Instagram and Facebook, drawing a large global audience, and then she was given a gallery show in Lagos. Most of all, the people of Maiduguri began to appreciate the images of themselves as hopeful after years of violence and deprivation. Many even asked her as she walked the streets if they could pose for her.

Ms. Abubakar’s work offers a fresh insight on the meaning of disaster aid. Those who wish to help after a tragedy must also lift the mental state of victims – by a counternarrative – as well as a person’s physical circumstances. Wars are not only won with armies and humanitarian supplies. People who have fled violence also need a mirror to their natural insistence on the good in life.

You've read  of  free articles. Subscribe to continue.

Dear Reader,

About a year ago, I happened upon this statement about the Monitor in the Harvard Business Review – under the charming heading of “do things that don’t interest you”:

“Many things that end up” being meaningful, writes social scientist Joseph Grenny, “have come from conference workshops, articles, or online videos that began as a chore and ended with an insight. My work in Kenya, for example, was heavily influenced by a Christian Science Monitor article I had forced myself to read 10 years earlier. Sometimes, we call things ‘boring’ simply because they lie outside the box we are currently in.”

If you were to come up with a punchline to a joke about the Monitor, that would probably be it. We’re seen as being global, fair, insightful, and perhaps a bit too earnest. We’re the bran muffin of journalism.

But you know what? We change lives. And I’m going to argue that we change lives precisely because we force open that too-small box that most human beings think they live in.

The Monitor is a peculiar little publication that’s hard for the world to figure out. We’re run by a church, but we’re not only for church members and we’re not about converting people. We’re known as being fair even as the world becomes as polarized as at any time since the newspaper’s founding in 1908.

We have a mission beyond circulation, we want to bridge divides. We’re about kicking down the door of thought everywhere and saying, “You are bigger and more capable than you realize. And we can prove it.”

If you’re looking for bran muffin journalism, you can subscribe to the Monitor for $15. You’ll get the Monitor Weekly magazine, the Monitor Daily email, and unlimited access to CSMonitor.com.

QR Code to A counternarrative for Boko Haram’s victims
Read this article in
https://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/the-monitors-view/2016/1130/A-counternarrative-for-Boko-Haram-s-victims
QR Code to Subscription page
Start your subscription today
https://www.csmonitor.com/subscribe