Stocks snapped a two-week losing streak to post gains after several days of quiet trading in which stocks steadily rose higher despite despite unrest in the Middle East and Libya, debt troubles in Europe, a continuing nuclear disaster in Japan and mixed economic news in the U.S.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 50.03 points, or 0.4 percent, to close at 12,220.59. For the week, the Dow gained 362.07 points or 3.05 percent. The blue-chip index remains down for the month, by 0.5 percent.
The S&P 500 gained 4.14 points, or 0.3 percent, to close at 1,313.80. For the week, the S&P 500 rose 34.59 points or 2.7 percent.
The Nasdaq gained 6.64 points, or 0.2 percent, to close at 2,743.06. For the week, the Nasdaq rose 99.39 points this week, or 3.8 percent, to close at 2,743.06.
The CBOE Volatility Index, widely considered the best gauge of fear in the market, fell below 18.
Among key S&P sectors, energy, telecom and materials advanced Friday.
The market keeps moving slowly higher in the face of global geopolitical and economic worries, and mixed economic news in the U.S. , including a drop in The Thomson Reuters/University of Michigan consumer sentiment index and Thursday's weak durable goods orders.
But volume has been extremely light, Corpina noted, which leads to higher volatility. Only 825 million shares changed hands on the New York Stock Exchange floor, while 3.4 billion shares changed hands on the consolidated tape of the NYSE.
Next week could be a different story as investors receive key economic news, ranging from auto sales to the March jobs picture ahead of the quarter end on March 31, a time when portfolio managers typically engage in "window dressing" their portfolios to improve quarterly returns. Add to this mix unexpected headlines out of Europe, Japan or the Middle East, and traders could be busy.
"If it’s resilient as everyone thinks it is, we’ll get the reaction that they’ve been right, that this market is resilient," says Corpina, who expects the market will continue to shake off any bad news and keep moving higher.
Oil prices traded flat despite planned protests in Bahrain and news thatSyrian troops fired on protesters, and as a military campaign continued against Libya. U.S. light sweet crude, fell to below $106 a barrel, while London Brent crude rose above $115 a barrel.
The higher prices could weigh on stocks amid fears they will dent the economic recovery, although rising prices haven't been a big factor in the markets in recent days.
“$125-$150 (per barrel of) oil is going to weigh on the market, I think that goes without saying. For the most part we’ve been able to shrug off the European woes," Ben Lichtenstein, President of Tradersaudio.com told CNBC. Higher oil would however hurt the economy, he said.
Among tech stocks,Oracle gained after the company forecast a rise in sales of new software this quarter and hiked its dividend by a fifth. And at least 16 brokerages raised their price target for the tech company.
And Accenture, a technology outsourcing and consulting firm, jumped higher after raising its 2011 outlook above analyst estimates.
Research In Motion continued to tumble after the BlackBerry maker's outlook for the current quarter fell short of estimates. In addition, its stock was downgraded by Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Deutsche Bank, and RW Baird.
Elsewhere, Best Buy fell after Citi downgraded the electronics retailer to "sell," saying among several factors that the company's forecast was disappointing and "possibly too aggressive at the high end," including, among other things, that the company doesn't see earnings-per-share growth in the first half of 2012. In addition, Wedbush and RBC cut their price targets on the firm.
Energy shares rose after Bespoke Investments said the sector has a positive earnings revisions ratio in the double digits. Valero and Hess were among the top gainers.
Financial stocks were mostly higher despite news that Standard & Poor's was concerned that banks may be making "excessive" dividend payouts to shareholders before the banks are sufficiently ready. Several banks announced dividend increases and stock buybacks earlier this week after the Fed approved their capital plans.
Among the news events traders will be on the look out for next week is the March nonfarm payrolls report from the government. One reason is that jobs are key to getting the economy back on track.
While the fall in jobless claims evident in Thursday's numbers was a positive trend, "there's still plenty of room for improvement," Scott Brown, chief economist at Raymond James, told CNBC.com. Brown would like to see claims fall closer to 320,000 than 380,000.
With state and local governments still shedding jobs at a rate of 20,000 a month, Brown expects growth in the Labor Department's nonfarm payrolls report to remain below 200,000 a month. The government reports payrolls data for March next Friday.
In Friday's economic news, the Thomson Reuters/Consumer Sentiment Index fell to 65.5 in March, the lowest level since November 2009, from 77.5 in February.
In Europe, leaders were geared up for a second day of meetings after they agreed late on Thursday to expand the euro zone’s temporary bailout fund in June.
The European debt crisis has deepened with the collapse of Portugal’s government earlier this week, raising the specter of another bailout. European markets were nevertheless slightly higher in early trade, following Asian markets, which also rose.