College financial aid: More grant money available – and easier to find

College financial aid is easier to find through the government this year. Grants and loans are consolidated in one place, streamlining families' search for college financial aid.

Damian Dovarganes/AP/File
Brittany Wolfe, a 2010 UCLA graduate, examines library textbooks in this photo taken July 26. This year the government has consolidated all federal college financial aid in one place, which should ease the search for student loans, federal grants, and loans.

For many Americans, a college degree seems more unattainable than ever. Tuition has skyrocketed – up 439 percent between 1982 and 2008, while family incomes only increased 147 percent (not adjusted for inflation).

But that doesn't mean that higher education is out of reach. College financial aid – student loans, grants, and scholarships, plus programs available from individual colleges and universities – is helping to ease tuition sticker shock.

In addition, the federal stimulus included $100 billion for higher education, much of which colleges and universities have used to prevent or minimize planned tuition increases. Earlier this year, Congress voted $36 billion to increase Pell Grants, using money saved by eliminating subsidies to banks that offer student loans. This year, Pell Grants will be $5,500 – around $800 more per grant than two years ago. For the first time, Pell Grants will rise with cost of living increases.

Congress consolidated all federal loan programs into the Direct Loan Program, so families will be able to find college financial aid more easily.

Yes, they’ll still need to fill out the Federal Application For Student Aid (FAFSA).

About 1 in 4 families didn’t bother to fill out the FAFSA in 2009-2010, thereby passing up their chance for federal student loans, according to a survey conducted by Sallie Mae and Gallup. Half of those families either had never heard of it or else thought that they weren’t eligible. They chose to pull money out of investments or else take out private loans to cover education costs. Bypassing FAFSA cost them as much as 15 percent more for the loan, according to federal estimates.

Why are federal student loans a better idea than private loans? Repayment benefits and interest rates. Federal loans don’t need to be repaid until six months after graduation, plus they typically have much lower interest rates than private loans. For families whose FAFSA qualifies them for a subsidized Stafford loan, the government will pay all interest on the loan until six months after graduation. Families in higher income brackets can get unsubsidized Stafford loans, which still provide the low interest rates and the delay in repayment, but which do allow the interest to accrue.

The government has created several websites to help families find money for college:

Plus, the government is funding several scholarships (not loans, free money!):

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