Landmarks For Women
Continued from Friday.
A massive government and industry campaign persuades women to take jobs during World War II. Almost 7 million women respond.
Large numbers of women industrial workers begin to lose their jobs to returning servicemen, although surveys show that 80
percent want to continue working.
The US Food and Drug Administration approves the birth-control pill, expanding women's options in controlling
President Kennedy creates the President's Commission on the Status of Women, chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt.
The Equal Pay Act requires equal pay for men and women performing the same jobs.
Betty Friedan's 'The Feminine Mystique' is published, laying the groundwork for the modern feminist movement.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act bars employment discrimination by private employers, agencies, and unions on the basis of sex, and establishes the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to enforce penalties.
President Johnson requires federal agencies to take 'affirmative action' in overcoming employment discrimination.
California becomes first state to legalize abortion.
Shirley Chisholm of New York becomes first black woman elected to Congress.
California adopts the nation's first 'no-fault' divorce law.
Congress passes Title IX, which prohibits sex discrimination by federally funded institutions. It is enacted in 1976 and women's participation in athletics and professional schools jumps dramatically.