News In Brief

The US

''If the US does not participate, there will be no NATO force ... and the war will reignite,'' Secretary of State Christopher said in a Capitol Hill hearing. He led the administration's continued quest to convince Congress of the merits of the US mission to Bosnia. Congress is expected to acquiesce by inaction. (Troops, Page 1.)

''You have the right to remain silent....'' Every suspect taken into police custody hears these words - the Miranda rights. The Supreme Court heard a case in which an Alaska man confessed to murder in front of police officers before hearing the Miranda rights. And it ruled that federal judges have broad power to overrule a state judge's decision on whether police erred by not reading the rights to someone who was not officially ''in custody.'' The court also heard pleas in cases about how much access prison inmates must have to prison law libraries and legal help, as well as the government's power to confiscate an innocent person's property used by another in a crime.

Colorado Rep. Pat Schroeder (above) - the longest serving woman in Congress - said she will retire. She is the 14th House Democrat to do so this year. Several are running for the Senate; Schroeder said she would not. Elected in 1972, she is a leader for abortion rights and a prime sponsor of the family-leave act.

Ross Perot's latest conquest: Maine. Supporters say his Reform Party has enough signatures - 28,500 - to qualify for Maine's 1996 presidential ballot. In 1992, Perot won 30.4 percent of Maine's vote, more than then-President Bush.

Congress passed the lobby-reform bill in a final vote of 421 to 0. All lobbyists will have to register with congressional officials, report the names of clients, and disclose how much they are paid. (Editorial, Page 20.)

The bill that would cut EPA and veterans hospital funds was set to be voted on a second time. The $80.6 billion funding proposal, which includes the Housing Department's budget, was defeated by a group of moderate Republicans and Democrats opposed to EPA cuts and those who want more veterans hospitals.

A bill to reduce the number of legal immigrants allowed into the US to 525,000 passed a Senate committee. Last year 804,416 entered the US legally.

The budget negotiations may not be finished until January, Senate Democratic Leader Tom Daschle said. Talks centered on whether the Congressional Budget Office's economic projections are skewed to GOP advantage.

Some 54 percent of teachers nationwide are very satisfied with their jobs - an increase of 10 percent from a decade ago, a survey by the New York-based Louis Harris group found. Two-thirds said they would recommend their career to young people; and 63 percent said they earn decent salaries, up from 37 percent in 1985. But the poll discovered a growing inequality in satisfaction between suburban and urban teachers, with urban teachers citing violence, drugs, teen pregnancy, and less public support as their main worries.

A US marine survived 36 hours in the Arabian Sea off Pakistan apparently after falling off the US aircraft carrier America. Lance Cpl. Zachary Mayo of Osburn, Idaho, was picked up by a Pakistani fisherman. He survived by tying knots in his pant legs, blowing air into them, and using them as a life preserver.

Ted Turner said his CNN would squash Rupert Murdoch's planned 24-hour, all-news TV network ''like a bug.'' Murdoch said his network should be operating in a few years. He currently owns similar news channels in Europe and Asia.

Steven Jobs, co-founder of Apple Computer, went public on the Nasdaq exchange with the small digital studio he bought nine years ago and became a billionaire. Pixar Animation Studios, which made the current No. 1 movie ''Toy Story,'' ended the trading day with a market value of $1.46 billion. Jobs owns 80 percent of the studio.

The New York Stock Exchange fined Japan's Nomura Securities $1 million. The penalty, for inaccurate financial reports, was NYSE's biggest on a foreign firm.

The World

President Clinton is to visit Dublin today after splitting his time in Catholic and Protestant neighborhoods yesterday. He shook hands in crowds and greeted Sinn Fein's Gerry Adams at a Belfast bakery. ''Protestants and Catholics must not allow the ship of peace to sink on the rocks of old habits and hard grudges,'' he told Belfast factory workers.

Israeli soldiers opened fire on hundreds of stone-throwing Palestinians, wounding 17 people in a confrontation that touched off hours of street clashes in Nablus. The violence erupted just two weeks before Israel planned troop withdrawals from the West Bank town. The clashes came just after a standoff between Israeli troops and a Palestinian militant that triggered the kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers, who were later released.

South Korean prosecutors announced a formal investigation into the 1980 coup and crushing of a pro-democracy uprising in Kwangju. The military crackdown killed about 200 people. Former President Chun Doo Hwan was banned from leaving the country. Also, the prosecutors announced more businessmen would be arrested in a slush fund scandal. Separately, US-South Korea talks began on an agreement governing US forces in the country. The main issue: the timing of when US servicemen accused of committing a crime are handed over to South Korean authorities.

Some 2,600 NATO troops, including 700 US soldiers, began setting up shop in Bosnia. The main force is not expected to arrive until February. A US team will be scouting conditions - including airports and minefields - before more US troops arrive. (See also US In Brief.)

Leading figures in Egypt's government held their seats in parliamentary elections. But the opposition accused the government of intimidation and vote-rigging. At least five people were killed and more than 50 wounded in election-day violence.

''Newt of the North,'' as detractors call him, has presented Ontario with a ''brutal'' deficit-reduction package. Premier Michael Harris's Progressive Conservative government has outlined $4.5 billion in specific cuts over the next three years with the goal of a balanced budget by the year 2000. The cuts are expected to heavily impact municipal governments, the environment, hospitals, and college tuition.

A high turnout in Belarus elections cast doubt on President Alexander Lukashenko's plan to take personal control of running the former Soviet republic if voter turnout dropped below 50 percent. Twenty deputies were elected in the first round; 119 face a Dec. 10 run-off.

Mexico's stock market soared to its highest level in more than a year. Traders attributed much of the gain to auction of short-term treasury bills, announcement of a 1.5 billion bond issue to be sold on European markets. Also, attorneys for imprisoned Raul Salinas de Gortari, the ex-president's brother, are asking for more time to explain the source of $84 million in Swiss bank accounts. (Story, Page 6; Opinion, Page 19.)

Heads of state from Zaire, Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda signed an agreement aimed at defusing Africa's worst ethnic conflict and speeding the return of more than a million refugees in Zaire and Tanzania camps. Former US President Carter said the accord envisaged a repatriation rate rising to 10,000 a day ''within a short time.''


A Renoir painting stolen by the Nazis during World War II has gone on display in Nice, France, seeking its long-lost owner. The painting is of the Impressionist master's son, Claude. It was done by Renoir in 1905 and is reportedly worth $600,000. The painting is one of many returned by Germany to France in 1990.

Cubans will soon be able to say ''Charge it,'' just like their capitalist cousins, Mexico's Notimex news agency reports. They will be able to use credit cards in Cuba's so-called dollar stores, which deal only in US currency.

Empathy for Animals

The Associated Press discovered the following after polling 1,004 Americans about animal rights.

Percent polled who agree that ''An animal's right to live free of suffering should be just as important as a person's right to live free of suffering:'' 66

Percent who say they rarely or never eat meat: 7.5

Percent who bought hunting licenses last year: 5.9

Percent who bought licenses in 1975 - the peak year: 7.7

Percent who say killing animals for fur is always wrong: 59

Percent who say sport hunting is always wrong: 51

Percent of men who say sport hunting is OK: 60

Percent of women who say sport hunting is OK: 35

Percent who say it's seldom or never right to use animals in testing cosmetics: 66

Number of companies that say they don't test their cosmetics or household products on animals: About 500

Number of animals killed by humans every year in the US, mostly for food: 6.5 billion

- Associated Press

'' I suddenly woke up and said, 'My whole adult life, I've been here.' ''

- US Rep. Pat Schroeder, on announcing her retirement, said she will seek teaching, writing, or other opportunities.

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