These are the members of China's most powerful official group, the Standing Committee of the Politburo, in order of their perceived stature within the party.
Jiang Zemin: Mr. Jiang, 66, was reelected as general secretary of China's Communist Party. Considered an economic moderate, Jiang was named party chief after Zhao Ziyang was ousted for backing political reform during the pro-democracy demonstrations in 1989. Now Jiang is believed to be at odds with paramount leader Deng Xiaoping, and his hold on power is considered tenuous.
Li Peng: Mr. Li, 64, is premier of China and among the most powerful of the younger conservative leaders. A Soviet-trained engineer, Li oversaw the imposition of martial law during the 1989 crackdown on protesters in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. He has only reticently backed the party's new platform of market reforms.
Qiao Shi: Mr. Qiao, 68, is believed to control the state security and secret service networks and is considered an ally of Mr. Deng.
Li Ruihan: Mr. Li, 58, is the former mayor of the important north China seaport of Tianjin. In charge of culture and art for the government, Li has done battle with hard-liners, who until this congress held control of propaganda and key news media.
Zhu Rongji: Mr. Zhu, 64, has been vice premier since 1991 and heads the Economic and Trade Office, an agency created to oversee Deng's market reforms.
Liu Huaqing: Mr. Liu, 76, is vice chairman of the powerful Central Military Commission and a career military man key to delivering military support for economic reform.
Hu Jintao: The "young man" of the new leadership, Mr. Hu, 49, was a wild-card choice for the Politburo's standing committee. Party secretary for Tibet since 1988, Hu oversaw the suppression of anti-Chinese demonstrations in Tibet three years ago.