The Supreme Court Monday agreed to take a fresh look at how far cities may go to limit sexually oriented businesses, rejected a ``reverse discrimination'' plea, and refused to revive a South Bend, Ind., affirmative action program. The court will study a Dallas zoning and licensing ordinance challenged by owners of adult bookstores, motion picture theaters, nightclubs, motels, and nude-model studios.
The challengers say the law violates their freedom of expression.
The High Court also rejected ``reverse discrimination'' arguments by a white Vallejo, Calif., firefighter denied a promotion that went to a black with a slightly lower test score.
The court, without comment, let stand a ruling that upheld the black man's promotion to help achieve better racial balance within the city fire department.
The Ninth US Circuit Court of Appeals had ruled that the promotion was lawful.
Vallejo's ``plan concerning the promotion of qualified minority employees is a minimally intrusive means to achieve racial balance and is thus a narrowly tailored remedy'' for past discrimination, the appeals court said.
In further action, the Supreme Court refused to revive an affirmative action program in South Bend, Ind., that called for hiring more blacks and Hispanics as firefighters and police officers.
The court, without comment, let stand a ruling that struck down the plan after it was challenged by a white man denied a job as a firefighter.
The justices themselves last Jan. 23 struck down an affirmative action plan in Richmond, Va., that set aside 30 percent of all public works contracts for minority-owned businesses.