Major white-supremacist groups in the US
EAST Invisible Empire Knights of the KKK: New leader has moved headquarters to Connecticut, first Klan ever north of Mason-Dixon line. Membership down to a few hundred. SOUTH
United Klans of America: largest Klan faction in US, possibly with 4,000 members. Led by Robert Shelton, longtime Klan activist. Active in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi.
Knights of the KKK: started in Louisiana by David Duke, credited with Klan's resurgence in mid-'70s. Most militant klan group in US, but leadership now divided. Headquartered in Tuscumbia, Ala.; also active in Chicago. Duke left, later founded National Association for the Advancement of White People in Metairie, La.
White Patriot Party (WPP): formerly the Confederate Knights of the KKK, based in North Carolina. Stephen S. Miller (second in command but not related to former leader Glenn Miller) and four others were indicted Jan. 7 on charges of conspiring to obtain weapons stolen from a US military installation. Glenn Miller ran a paramilitary training camp, intending to create a Southern homeland for white Christians by taking over several North Carolina counties. A court this year ordered him to sever all his WPP ties.
National Alliance: Neo-Nazi group led by William L. Pierce, who started a new white enclave in rural West Virginia. Pierce is author of ``The Turner Diaries,'' novel about a race war that became blueprint for The Order's criminal campaign.
Covenant, Sword, and the Arm of the Lord (CSA): paramilitary survivalist group operating on the Arkansas-Missouri border. Eight leaders arrested on federal weapons charges in 1985, after US agents discovered illegal weapons, explosives, land mines, and an antitank rocket launcher. CSA disbanded after its leaders were jailed. MIDWEST
Posse Comitatus: loosely linked chapters across the US, but attracts rural farmers. Claims Federal Reserve System and income tax are unconstitutional. Posse leaders have fused tax-protest doctrine with virulent anti-Semitism. Leader Gordon Kahl murdered two US marshals in North Dakota, was killed in a shootout in 1983. Posse-type groups today now identify themselves by other names.
National Agricultural Press Association (NAPA): Leader Rick Elliott crisscrossed the farm belt in 1983 with a loan-franchise scheme for desperate farmers, but this year was convicted of theft and conspiracy in home state of Colorado. Published anti-Semitic tabloid, which carried ads for neo-Nazi groups. NAPA torch falls to Colorado farmer Leon Silkman. WEST
Aryan Nations: Leader Richard Butler of Hayden Lake, Idaho, is a major figure in Christian Identity movement, a pseudo-religious justification for white supremacy. The Nations recruits members from white prison gangs. Urges migration of whites to Pacific Northwest to create a homeland. Runs a computer ``bulletin board'' to dispense white-supremacist propaganda. Hosts annual ``World Congress,'' a gathering of neo-Nazis, KKK, Posse Comitatus, and other white supremacists. Associates are former Klan leaders Robert Miles of Michigan and Louis Beam of Texas.
The Order: Most violent of neo-Nazi groups; several members have ties to Aryan Nations. Responsible for murder of Jewish radio personality in Denver in 1984, and armored car heists totaling $4 million in Seattle, Wash., and Ukiah, Calif. Money intended to finance white-supremacist revolution; only $1 million accounted for. Leader killed in shootout with FBI; 23 others in prison. Three men arrested in connection with the setting off of three bombs in Coeur d'Alene last Sept. 29 in an abortive attempt to rob two local banks were part of a small group which tried to revive the outlaw band.
White Aryan Resistance: Led by Tom Metzger of Fallbrook, Calif., former leader of California KKK. Metzger was 1980 Democratic nominee for Congress in state's 43rd District in 1980; lost by wide margin, but got 43,000 votes. Currently produces ``Race and Reason,'' a white-supremacist program shown on public-access channels of cable TV.