1. Know what's on TV and what your child is watching. 2. Control the viewing. If hours are the issue, you can limit viewing by placing the TV in an inconvenient place, apart from the rest of the family (most children like company when they watch). If you veto some programs, explain why.
3. Discuss television. Help the child understand what is real and what is make-believe. Explain your own values as the occasion arises from programs.
4. Watch some programs with your children.
(From a three-page excerpt by Aimee Dorr in the book ''Television Awareness Training - The Viewer's Guide'' ($12.95). The excerpt is available free from Media Action Research Center, 475 Riverside Drive, Suite 1370, New York, N.Y. 10115.)
Other sources of information for parents and teachers:
* ''Getting the Most Out of Television,'' lesson plans with videotapes for elementary school teachers. For cost and description, contact Yale Family TV Center, 405 Temple Street, New Haven, Conn. The center also has parental guidelines available.
* ''Growing With Television: A Study of Biblical Values and the Television Experience'' (a 32-page study guide for five age groups from 4 to adult). From Media Action Research Center; $2.95 for leaders; $2.45 for students.