Pope John Paul II named Polish primate Jozef Glemp a cardinal. The Pope named 17 other new cardinals as well during his weekly general audience. Among them were Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin of Chicago and Julijans Vaivods of Riga and Latvia, Soviet Union.
A cardinal is a member of the Sacred College of Cardinals, the body that elects a pope. A primate is a country's highest-ranking Roman Catholic churchman.