The computer finally bested its maker, eclipsing three human luminaries and E.T. to become Time Magazine's 1982 Man of the Year.
For the past 55 years, Time's Man of the Year has been either an individual or a group of people. But the current edition bears the image of the machine Time singled out as the year's ''greatest influence for good or evil.''
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, Federal Reserve Board Chairman Paul A. Volker, and ''E.T., the Extra Terrestrial'' were picked as runners-up.