As Russian troops prepare to withdraw from Georgian bases and cities they invaded last week, a look at the two contradictory stories of what happened and why.
This week's offensive is the latest setback to plans for the Nabucco pipeline, designed to wean Europe off Russian energy giant Gazprom.
Moscow has gained leverage, threatened Georgia's pro-West leader, and bolstered national pride.
Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili's failed attempt to retake South Ossetia may cost him dearly in Georgia, one of the strongest US allies in Russia's backyard.
American effort to spread democracy wanes in post-Iraq era.
After weeks of escalating skirmishes with South Ossetia, Georgia moved to regain control of the enclave. Russia responded by sending in tanks.