Over the weekend, concerns grew in Tripoli about the fate of black African workers who many Libyan rebels believe were mercenaries for Qaddafi.
How the rebels address immediate challenges – including regional and tribal divisions, as well as a thirst among some for revenge – will signal their ability to govern fairly in a new Libya.
Libya's western rebels have reportedly seized Tripoli's Green Square and captured at least some of Muammar Qaddafi's sons. The strongman's regime appears to be all but finished.
Libya's leader Muammar Qaddafi appears to be running out of options as rebels close in on Tripoli, but an end to his regime could still be a long way off.
If rebels can hold on to Zawiyah, a recently captured town on Muammar Qaddafi's main supply route from Tunisia to Tripoli, the end of his rule becomes a matter of when, not if.
In the remote mountains of western Libya, the rebels have moved beyond the 'rag-tag' militia label often used to characterize the opposition in the east.