Concerns about Islamist threat have influenced traditionally pro-Arab Europe's view of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Violence has plummeted and US forces are pulling back, but the year ahead will test the staying power of gains throughout the country.
He's been critical of monetary policy and has named human rights defenders to key posts.
Israeli forces struck two United Nations schools in the Gaza Strip on Tuesday, killing at least 34 people, as international call for an immediate cease-fire grew.
The world is not willing to allow this strategic nation to remain ungoverned. Can a coordinated effort create a stable government?
Absent more forceful US role, others make frantic bid to halt fighting.
Israel has hit at hundreds of targets across Gaza but has not seriously damaged Hamas's fighting force, which continued to fire rockets on southern Israel on Sunday.