Troy Davis, a Georgia inmate, asked for a new trial after seven witnesses recanted their testimony.
The next president will decide whether the shift away from laissez faire is permanent.
Dick Cheney became the most influential vice president in US history.
The Justice Department says the judiciary does not have the power to release Guantánamo detainees into the US.
A Tennessee woman lost her job after she cooperated in a company investigation.
A death-row inmate claimed the jury foreman violated his fair-trial rights by reading out loud from Romans.
Jose Cerqueira had sued American Airlines for discrimination after being removed from a flight in 2003.
The justices will consider whether the Navy must heed restrictions on use of sonar off California.
The case, to be heard Monday, will determine if the smokers' suit alleging fraudulent ads about 'low tar' cigarettes can go to trial.