The Child Soldier Initiative will train the army and police in how to engage with children in combat situations, as well as educate youths about the problem.
A surge of sectarian strife and Al Qaeda-linked terrorism in Tanzania signals that Africa's jihadist wave is expanding south. The failure of the international community to assist Tanzania in tackling the roots of Islamic extremism will likely allow it to grow.
Kenya prized its strategic and symbolic importance as one of Africa's leading democracies. But bloody post-election riots in 2007 has the world now watching.
The group that claimed responsibility for the attack may have links to Boko Haram, a militant group known for its terror campaigns in the region.