Kenya's military intervention into neighboring Somalia follows a string of kidnappings on Kenyan soil by Somali pirates and terrorist threats by Al Shabab, an Islamist militant group linked to Al Qaeda.
After a hasty retreat from Somalia's capital, Mogadishu in August, the Al Qaeda-linked Islamist group Al Shabab claimed Tuesday's suicide truck bombing that killed more than 65 people.
US restrictions on aid for Somalia famine, although well-intentioned, are severely hindering relief efforts. International Crisis Groups says that lifting them would improve Somali opinions of the US.
Somalia specialist Ken Menkhaus told the Enough Project that the international community needs to pressure Al Shabab and the Somali government to open up aid delivery routes.
A Human Rights Watch report documents abuses by the Somali government and African Union peacekeeping forces, as well as Al Shabab.
The Somalia famine has exacerbated divisions within the Islamist militant group Al Shabab, whose more pragmatic leaders want to allow Western food aid into the areas they control.
The Islamist group Al Shabab withdrew from Somalia's capital city, Mogadishu, this weekend, but whether that is a sign of success for the African Union mission and Somalian government is unclear.