The Pakistan offensive against the Taliban is making some progress, but the militants have struck back with a series of suicide attacks in the city of Peshawar. Is this the last gasp of encircled Taliban militants – or a continuing counterattack?
The ranks of lashkars have grown to 8,000, according to local leaders, since the Army retook the valley in June. Some residents worry about militarizing the population.
A new militia is targeting militants in revenge for a mosque bombing Friday. Some say it could be a turning of the tide in public sentiment, driven by recent Army successes.
Some 501,000 Pakistanis have fled the fighting in Swat and nearby areas as the Army dropped commandos in by helicopter.
One tribal leader vows to raise a force of 600 to help fight an Al Qaeda-linked tribe in Waziristan.