Analysts debate the rhetoric of war as part of the fight against terrorism.
Pakistani forces allegedly shelled an Indian military post Wednesday, prompting renewed emphasis on peace talks.
The attack has raised concerns in Pakistan about the United States' increased willingness to take unilateral action in the war on terror.
Islamic militants claim to be targeting Indian cities to stoke communal tensions.
Prime minister Gilani arrives at the White House Monday. Likely topics: counterterrorism and democratic stability.
Rising prices and a falling stock market have sparked protests in recent weeks, increasing the pressure on a government already facing militancy, political discord.