Despite US training and support, West African nations have been unable to stamp out the terrorist group and the upheaval in Libya may be bolstering the group's arsenal.
Thousands of Ghanaian migrant workers have fled the fighting, leaving them without jobs and straining Ghana's remittance-dependent economy.
Bearing the brunt of the exodus of Libyan refugees, several countries in the Sahel region – including Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, and Chad – have called on Qaddafi to step down.
Financial support and political engagement from Spain and France could enhance counterterrorism efforts in Mali, Niger, and Mauritania as those nations take on Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).
At a gathering of regional military planners on Friday, analysts discussed how security conditions have deteriorated since the beginning of the Libyan conflict, and how Al Qaeda's affiliate has used the conflict to accumulate arms.
Kenya greeted Osama bin Laden's death as "justice." Other countries worry that America's battle against terrorism masks an attempt to expand military influence in Africa.
Morocco explosion: The blast in the iconic Djemma el-Fna square was Morocco's deadliest attack in eight years.