Signs of looting and a massacre by Libya's victorious revolutionaries in Muammar Qaddafi's hometown of Sirte have some on edge.
Sharia law is set to guide Libyan legislation, but the transitional government insists it will be moderate.
Libyans officially celebrated the liberation of the country from the rule of Muammar Qaddafi today, just days after he was killed after fleeing his hometown of Sirte.
Libya's new leaders responded well to the water crisis earlier this month, making sure citizens had water even as pro-Qaddafi forces turned off access to drinking water supplies. But trouble may yet loom.
French President Nicolas Sarkozy and British premier David Cameron secured crucial NATO backing of the rebels. Now they want to help the new Libya become a model for other Arab nations.
An Amnesty International report released today said Libyan rebels 'committed abuses' amounting to 'war crimes,' raising fresh concerns about post-conflict justice in Libya.
NTC chairman Mahmoud Jalil called on Libya's rebels to overcome the friction, tribalism, and political squabbling that has marred rebel leadership at a critical time of transition.
Libya's National Transition Council in Tripoli is stressing reconciliation instead of revenge. But not all Libyans are convinced the goodwill will last.