The rocket launch ended a cease-fire with Israel. Palestinian Authority President Abbas faces powerful voices who say another uprising may be the only way forward after days of large protests.
Former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert came out strongly in support of Palestine being given "observer state" status at the UN tomorrow.
Whether reopening the case of Yasser Arafat's death will take Palestinians forward or backwards is being debated as forensic experts begin analyzing samples for radioactive poisoning.
The attack ends a period of calm that has prevailed since March and comes on the heels of Israel's return of the remains of 91 Palestinian militants.