Prime Minister Abe is proposing small steps, such as renaming the Self-Defense Forces, with an eye toward moving away from the legal restrictions that have governed Japan's military since World War II.
Shinzo Abe, elected over the weekend, also wants to improve relations with China while remaining firm on the islands dispute. Meanwhile, the yen has slipped, post-election, in financial markets Monday.
If polls ahead of Sunday's vote are correct, former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will take up the top slot again as leader of the LDP. His more hawkish tone on China has played well to an uneasy electorate.