Forced to rebuild using mud and animal-drawn carts, Gazans are increasingly frustrated with Hamas's hard-line policies.
Region sees it as a bulwark against Iran; US sees it as key to any peace deal.
Western nations call it a terrorist organization. To Palestinians, it's a legitimate elected government, a resistance movement, or an oppressive usurper. So just what is Hamas?
The din of Gaza followed Obama's Middle East envoy, George Mitchell, as he conducted a listening tour. Arab leaders wonder why their peace plan remains untouched.
Two key issues are Israel's demand to stop arms smuggling and the Palestinian desire for an end to the economic blockade of Gaza.
Israel seeks US help on Gaza weapons smuggling, while Arab nations remain divided over a truce.
The Gaza militants embrace 'heroic role' as bombardment continues.
Israeli troops moved deeper into Gaza City Sunday and pounded Rafah from the air. Hamas rejected plans for international peacekeepers in Gaza.