Aid and outreach initiatives have been stepped up. But full EU membership will be slow coming say Ukrainians.
A stock-market sag spilled into the second quarter, leaving little to be gained.
War spending, trade deficits, and devaluation against foreign currencies weigh on the greenback.
Inflation and unemployment have risen sharply since last year.
Until recently, Sunday's vote looked set to be a referendum of sorts on Zapatero's sweeping Socialist reforms.