The report could urge Congolese authorities to follow-up with independent investigations and bring perpetrators to justice, writes guest blogger Tracy Fehr.
Other options include recounting ballots, nullifying the elections, forming a coalition government, or simply doing nothing.
Former military leaders and a failed presidential candidate all pose threats to unity of Democratic Republic of Congo military, says guest blogger Fidel Bafilemba.
Democratic Republic of Congo incumbent president Joseph Kabila and challenger Etienne Tshisekedi in protracted dispute over November 2011 election results.
Congolese President Joseph Kabila and opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi both claim to have won the Nov. 28 elections. Tshisekedi is now calling for street protests.
Guest blogger Jason K. Stearns looks at possible scenarios for Congo, including mediation or holding a fresh runoff between President Kabila and opposition leader Tshisekedi.
From the downfall of North African regimes to the humanitarian interventions in Ivory Coast and Libya, 2011 appears to have been the year when citizens and leaders took a stand on human rights.
International observers reject the Congo election results that put President Joseph Kabila on top. His main rival, meanwhile, declares himself president.