Other options include recounting ballots, nullifying the elections, forming a coalition government, or simply doing nothing.
The single-currency zone, stretching from Senegal to the Central African Republic, links eight countries and 123 million people. Will it survive if the Euro crashes?
Former soldier Christian Bethelson’s only job skill was killing – until a meeting on a muddy road in Liberia changed his life, and many others.
Seven Monitor correspondents reflect on the world's hotspots. In this installment, Scott Baldauf says Africa showed signs of both the willingness and ability to solve their own problems in 2011.
Human rights lept forward in 2011 with the Arab Spring. Smaller steps also indicate progress, including a more forceful Arab League with Libya and Syria, grassroots protests in Russia, and respect for rule of law with the extradition of Laurent Gbagbo to the Hague.
International Criminal Court prosecutor Ocampo is asking the UN for authority to investigate the death Libyan leader Qaddafi as a war crime.
From the downfall of North African regimes to the humanitarian interventions in Ivory Coast and Libya, 2011 appears to have been the year when citizens and leaders took a stand on human rights.
Human rights activists say the extradition of former Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo is a big step for ending a decade of bloodshed and impunity, but peace will only be sustained if justice is even-handed.
Amanda Knox is a strong person, according to her father. But the events of the past four years have taken an emotional toll on her.
If Ivory Coast's family-owned cocoa farms don't change the way they do farming, they will stop being able to meet the world's hunger – nay, its certified need – for chocolate. That would be bad.