As with the 2006 World Cup in Germany, a rampant sex trade is of concern to human rights groups ahead of the World Cup 2010 in South Africa, which kicks off next month. Prostitutes, many from impoverished Zimbabwe, are arriving to cash in on an estimated 500,000 visiting fans.
As the rainy season approaches, the root cause of last year's outbreak – a lack of clean water – is not being addressed by the government.
Out of 800,000 deaths emerged a new system of justice and more peacekeepers. But will either prove effective or enduring?