The President's plan for the increasingly troubled region is ambitious, although his goals are more limited than Bush's.
The pushback against federal power began under Bush, but may now be accelerating.
Some policymakers say the focus needs to be on improving traditional education schools, while others are advocates of so-called alternative models, which can speed up entry into the profession.
He revisits same themes, but Thursday's inaugural Internet town hall was a friendlier showcase for the president's ideas.
Deficit projections mean even Democrats are looking for ways to trim, some of them gimmicky.