The Khmer Rouge ruled Cambodia from 1975 until 1979 and is blamed for the deaths of 1.7 million people. The Maoist group tried to build an agrarian society purged of foreign influences. Until now, none of its senior cadre has gone on trial, and Pol Pot, its paramount leader, died in 1998 in a jungle camp after losing power to Vietnamese occupiers. The Khmer Rouge tribunal, a joint effort between Cambodia’s judiciary and the United Nations, opened in 2006 and has so far spent more than $100 million on investigating and trying surviving members of the senior leadership. Only one has been prosecuted and found guilty. Here are five frequently asked questions answered:
Though the violent Ivory Coast standoff between former president Laurent Gbagbo and President Alassane Ouattara is over, the country’s troubles aren't. Ivorians must now redefine the way they relate to each other. Eight towns provide real models for grassroots reconciliation.
It is the latest scandal to rock the UN-backed Khmer Rouge tribunal, as it prepares to begin the trial of the four most senior surviving leaders of the regime that killed some 2 million Cambodians in the 1970s.
Opposition is building to a UN resolution condemning Syria, a reaction to the Libya vote and the result of assertiveness by emerging powers Brazil and India. To many, the UN appears absent.
As the UN-backed tribunal prepares to bring more former Khmer Rouge leaders to trial, a confidential document obtained by the Monitor raises questions about the judges' independence.
Ban Ki-moon is seen as a virtual lock to be reelected as head of the UN. He's won praise for his persistence, but he'll need to increase his impact if he's to leave a mark on the UN.
While the Golan Heights returned to a tense calm today, yesterday's clashes signaled increased turmoil ahead – perhaps spurred by Syria's Assad as he battles revolt at home.
Nigeria could be the world's third most populous nation by 2100, with 700 million people. American economist Jeffrey Sachs says a three-child policy is needed to contain the population explosion.
Alassane Ouattara was sworn in as the country's president and cocoa exports critical to the nation's economy have resumed. But the damage from the recent power struggle that claimed 3,000 lives still lingers.