Somalia's Islamist insurgency banned Western aid agencies from its territory, raising concerns that famine could return to parts of the northeast African nation.
The leadership of Al Qaeda-inspired Al Shabab claims there is no famine and that aid groups have 'hidden agendas.' But the group's field commanders appear more receptive to outside help.
Escalation of violence could lead pirate gangs to join radical militants, including those with ties to Al Qaeda, say analysts.
Sheikh Sharif Ahmed, a moderate, was elected president last week by Somalia's transitional parliament. But hard-line militant Islamists are fighting to take over the country.
The world is not willing to allow this strategic nation to remain ungoverned. Can a coordinated effort create a stable government?
Widely considered an obstacle to peace, Abdullahi Yusuf announced his resignation on Monday.