Residents complain that the Iraqi government is focusing on cosmetic changes while the US Army funds reconstruction initiatives.
The new facility, which will hold up to 1,100 detainees, is aimed at replacing the controversial existing one at Bagram.
Afghan and NATO officials are seeing a rise in numbers of foreign fighters in Afghanistan at the same time US officials say attacks by Al Qaeda in Iraq have sharply dropped.
Some 190,000 private personnel were working in the Iraq theater as of early this year, a new report says.
A nonprofit group paves the way by negotiating tuition waivers.