The first pope from Latin America has highlighted in recent years the region's yawning gap between rich and poor.
Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina - now Pope Francis - was not widely considered the top candidate heading into this week's conclave.
Black smoke billowed from the Sistine Chapel for the third time Wednesday. Cardinals voted twice Wednesday morning and two more votes are expected in the afternoon.
The cardinals took their first vote today for a new pope, but black smoke billowing above the Vatican's Sistine Chapel signaled the cardinals have not yet reached a majority.