The influx of U.S. troops to Afghanistan aims to 'clear' Taliban from population centers, then 'hold' them until Afghans can 'build' normal lives. The Pentagon looks to the Iraq surge for lessons.
Heading into this week's summit of Afghan allies in London, the top US general in Afghanistan said he supported President Hamid Karzai's plan to reach out to the Taliban.
With echoes of the Anbar Awakening in Iraq, the US is arming, training, and paying Afghans to set up village militias.
At a flash point for violence, an Army general plays diplomat.
Some tribes have forced insurgents from their area, but many risks remain.
Gen. David Petraeus, who handed over command on Tuesday to Gen. Raymond Odierno, will lead US Central Command.
Afghan and NATO officials are seeing a rise in numbers of foreign fighters in Afghanistan at the same time US officials say attacks by Al Qaeda in Iraq have sharply dropped.
Growing divisions among pro-US Sunni tribal chiefs threatens to unravel American gains against Al Qaeda.