While the referendum portends huge changes for South Sudan, which is likely to become independent, it will also bring political changes to the north, including a possible return to sharia law.
The Sudan referendum could be derailed if issues in the border region Abyei are not addressed before the January vote.
Sudan is set to hold a referendum in 100 days on whether to split in two. With tensions rising and the Sudan government hedging, the US is stepping up its involvement.
The World Court could soon issue an arrest warrant for President Bashir on charges of genocide.
President Omar al-Bashir says international interference will hamper peace. Darfuris ask: 'What peace?'