The MEK, whose terrorist listing is up for review by the State Department, is not apt to directly threaten the US. But delisting the group could hurt Iran's Green movement.
Umar Patek's presence in Pakistan raises new questions about ongoing collaboration between Southeast Asian Islamic militants and Al Qaeda.
Philippines troops killed Abu Sayyaf commander Albader Parad on Sunday, dealing a major blow to the Islamic militant group.
US troops in the southern Philippines work to undercut militancy with projects such as better roads, fatter cattle, and a new school, which opened last week.
The US and Philippines can claim many successes since joining forces in counterterrorism after 9/11, but uprooting militancy altogether remains elusive.
Philippines political violence claims 35 lives on the southern island of Mindanao. An adviser to President Gloria Arroyo calls it a "massacre... unequaled in recent history."
Phillipines Al Qaeda-linked terrorist group may be stepping up its attacks.
They died in a roadside bombing possibly planned by Al Qaeda-linked group Abu Sayyaf. The incident has added to concerns that US troops may be entering into combat, which would violate their rules of engagement.
Philippines government alleges MILF involvement in a firefight last week with members of the militant Abu Sayyaf, calling into question a cease-fire with the rebel group.