1.US Embassy in Tehran, 1979
US Embassy in Beirut, 1983
A suicide truck bomb in April 1983 destroyed the US Embassy in Beirut, killing 63 people – among them eight of the CIA’s top Middle East analysts. Hezbollah operatives supported by Iran and Syria were believed to have been responsible for the attack.
Another suicide truck bomb the following October targeted the US Marines headquarters at the Beirut airport, killing 241 Americans. Twenty seconds later – in what was clearly a well-coordinated attack – another suicide truck bomb killed 74 at the French Army barracks in Beirut. The culprits were never identified; Hezbollah denied any role, though a caller to a Western news organization claimed that “Islamic Jihad” made the attack.
Buenos Aires Jewish center, 1994
In 1994, a Buenos Aires Jewish cultural center was bombed. Eighty-five people were killed and 300 were injured. Argentinian prosecutors charged Lebanese militant group Hezbollah with carrying out the plot and Iranian officials with directing them. Iran’s current minister of Defense, Ahmad Vahedi, was allegedly part of the plot.
Both Hezbollah and the Iranian government denied responsibility in the attack.
Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia, 1996
Nineteen US servicemen were killed when the Khobar Towers in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, were bombed in 1996. The housing complex, located in the vicinity of national oil company headquarters, was being used to house US military personnel.
Saudi Arabia absolved Iran of charges in 1998, claiming that only Saudi citizens were responsible for the attack. However, the US continued pressing on with its claims that Iran played a role and asked the Iranian government for help with the investigation. Iran rejected the request. The US never brought formal charges against Iranian officials.