How much do you know about US entitlement programs? Take our quiz.

Jeff Barnard/AP
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The push to reform entitlement programs is at the heart of debates about the future of the US budget. Many Republicans want big changes as Medicare and Medicaid, in particular, consume a larger share of federal spending. Most Democrats merely want to ensure the programs' survival.

Entitlement programs include Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, unemployment benefits, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (food stamps), and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (welfare). How much do you know about them?

What percentage of Americans have received benefits from at least one of the six major entitlement programs?

28 percent

 

47 percent

 

55 percent

 

71 percent

 

What percentage of the 2011 federal budget was spent on entitlement programs?

45 percent

 

54 percent

 

60 percent

 

75 percent

 

What region of the US uses entitlements at the highest rate?

East

 

Midwest

 

South

 

West

 

Which type of residential area has the highest rate of entitlement usage?

Urban

 

Rural

 

Suburban

 

Exurban

 

What percentage of people who voted for Mitt Romney have used entitlement benefits?

29 percent

 

47 percent

 

53 percent

 

62 percent

 

Which entitlement program has been most utilized by Americans?

Social Security

 

Medicare

 

Food Stamps

 

Unemployment benefits

 

What percentage of people who make more than $100,000 have used entitlements?

0 percent

 

5 percent

 

28 percent

 

39 percent

 

What is the national average monthly food stamp benefit?

$56.30

 

$133.42

 

$252.36

 

$327.15

 

What is the maximum number of months (consecutive or not) a person can receive welfare benefits?

36 months

 

60 months

 

120 months

 

Unlimited

 

How many people receive welfare benefits each month on average?

4.6 million

 

10.7 million

 

20.3 million

 

23.5 million

 

What year was Medicare established?

1920

 

1935

 

1965

 

1984

 

Medicare covers all medical costs and long-term care for people 65 and older.

True

 

False

 

 

 

When new provisions of the Affordable Care Act ('Obamacare') go into effect in 2014, what is the maximum income an individual can make and still qualify for Medicaid?

$11,000

 

$15,000

 

$25,000

 

$35,000

 

How many weeks can someone receive unemployment benefits in most states?

26 weeks

 

52 weeks

 

72 weeks

 

104 weeks

 

How much did the federal government and states spend on unemployment benefits in 2011?

$97.5 billion

 

$117.2 billion

 

$235.8 billion

 

$307.4 billion

 

What is Supplementary Security Income (SSI)?

It is a part of Social Security.

 

It helps pay for flights home for members of Congress.

 

It helps the poor.

 

It helps people with disabilities.

 

At what age do retired workers become eligible for Social Security?

60

 

62

 

65

 

70

 

In what year did Congress pass the Social Security Act?

1880

 

1935

 

1972

 

1996

 

What is the average monthly Social Security payment?

$1,050

 

$1,230

 

$2,600

 

$3,025

 

Which age group has the highest rate of entitlement use?

18-29

 

30-49

 

50-64

 

65+