The current protests involve a broader coalition, in which everyone from mothers to sanctions-strapped businessmen are united in seeking accountability from the Iranian regime.
Its support base dropped to 19 percent after the war; many blame the Hamas-Fatah standoff for their plight. Egypt hosts the rivals for a final round of reconciliation talks July 25.
The role of the supreme leader has changed, but Iran's top cleric, Ayatollah Khamenei, still holds sway. How the political system in Tehran works, and who will determine what comes next.
Twitter, Youtube, and the force of the movement for change in Iran make it difficult for the government to paint the protesters as tools of foreign powers.
A senior cleric called Friday for British Embassy employees to be tried for allegedly inciting mass protests. The move signals a heightened effort to portray recent unrest as a foreign plot.
Some are criticizing the president's determination to engage Iran on its nuclear program amid a brutal government crackdown in the aftermath of what many say is massive election fraud.
The US condemned the coup but finds itself defending a president allied with leftist critics such as UN General Assembly president d'Escoto and Venezuela's Chávez.
Witnesses describe the unauthorized rally in Tehran Sunday that was ultimately broken up by police and militia.