President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who was declared the 2009 winner by a landslide, and his aides have been dismissed by conservative rivals and clerics as a "deviant current" in Iran's theocracy.
While many US and European leaders are focused on curbing Iran's nuclear program in 2011, in Tehran the emphasis is more on domestic challenges such as economic reform.
Many critics say a number of personnel changes by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad have to do with the growing influence of one of his closest aides, Esfandiar Rahim-Mashaei.
Beyond the usual anti-American rhetoric, some analysts say that Iran is trying to avoid sanctions and resolve tensions with Washington over its nuclear program.
Tehran officially informed the IAEA today that it was ready to ship 1,200 kg of enriched uranium to Turkey. Turkey and Brazil are lobbying hard to save the deal from being ruined by UN sanctions.
Opposition protesters are ready to rally when Iran's Islamic republic celebrates its 31st birthday on Thursday. Observers say both sides may be prepared to compromise after eight months of unrest.
Ahmadinejad last night rejected as US forgeries documents reported to detail Iran nuclear plans. Observers say the leak was intended to put pressure on Iran ahead of Obama’s end-of-year deadline for a negotiated solution.
A force to reckon with in President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s second term, the Guards are led by commanders whose worldview was forged during the devastating Iran-Iraq war.
Thirty years after the Islamic revolution, Ayatollah Khamenei is looking to remove rival old-guard leaders – including Mir Hossein Mousavi.
In the past week, mixed progress as a US journalist is charged with spying amidst positive statements from both countries.