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Terrorism & Security

Karzai says Afghan-Indian security agreement no threat to Pakistan (video)

Afghan President Hamid Karzai signed a security agreement with India this week that alarmed Pakistan. He insists it's no threat to Pakistan.

By Staff writer / October 6, 2011

Afghan President Hamid Karzai delivers a lecture on the second day of his two-day official visit, in New Delhi, India, Wednesday, Oct. 5. Afghanistan signed a strategic partnership with India on Tuesday, a move likely to enrage neighboring Pakistan at a time when its relations with the Afghans and the West are sharply strained over alleged links of its spy agency to militants blamed for high-profile attacks across the border.

Gurinder Osan/AP

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Afghan President Hamid Karzai is trying to reassure Pakistan that a security agreement signed Tuesday with India, Pakistan's historic foe, is not meant to lay the groundwork for a regional alliance against Pakistan.

"Pakistan is our twin brother, India is a great friend. The agreement we signed with our friend will not affect our brother," Mr. Karzai said in New Delhi, according to Reuters. "This strategic partnership ... is not directed against any country ... this strategic partnership is to support Afghanistan."

India, already one of Afghanistan's biggest donors, agreed Tuesday to work together more closely on counterterrorism efforts and to help Afghanistan train its police and military. The formal agreement may alarm Pakistan, which worries that India is trying to gain leverage in Afghanistan in order to form an Indian-Afghan alliance against Pakistan.

Mr. Karzai arrived in India earlier this week with Afghan-Pakistani relations at a nadir after he and other Afghan officials placed blame on Pakistan for recent terrorist attacks in Afghanistan. Reuters reports that Pakistan has used the Haqqani network, a militant group that launches attacks in Afghanistan from Pakistani bases, to negate Indian influence in Afghanistan. Assumed Pakistani support for the Haqqani network has been the focus of recent Afghan ire toward Pakistan.

Pakistan's concerns could give Afghanistan greater leverage in its demands that Pakistan rein in militants, The Christian Science Monitor reports.

Pakistan has made it clear throughout the past decade that it fears “encirclement” by any strong alliance between India and Afghanistan. Today’s agreement allows Karzai to brandish the threat of greater military cooperation with India if cooperation with Pakistan toward peace remains in question.

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