US, South Korea want to push bilateral talks with North
US envoy Stephen Bosworth and South Korea's chief nuclear negotiator appear to be pressing for greater North-South dialogue before returning to the six-party talks.
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North Korea’s unveiling of a uranium enrichment site to a US expert in November, along with its attack of Yeonpyeong Island less than two weeks later which killed two South Korean soldiers and two civilians, has left Washington and Seoul wanting to see a real commitment to peace on the part of Pyongyang before negotiations reopen.
“The six-party talks were specifically created to deal with the nuclear question and the North Koreans know that,” an Obama administration official told Reuters on Tuesday, speaking on the condition of anonymity. “That’s why we wanted to make it very clear that they were not being rewarded with a return to talks because of their attack against Yeonpyeong Island.”
With the numerous obstacles to the reopening of six-party talks with the North, South Korean media reported this week that Seoul is considering direct dialogue with Pyongyang as a stepping-stone to multilateral negotiations.
A diplomatic source told the JoongAng Ilbo newspaper that the government would shift its focus from the international nuclear talks to a bilateral meeting between the Koreas. Such a meeting might offer Seoul the opportunity to both stabilize the peninsula and convince Pyongyang to consider accepting the proposed conditions to restarting multilateral talks.
Seoul’s foreign minister appeared to echo this stance in a speech at the Korean Council on Foreign Relations.
“It’s up to North Korea's attitude whether it will choose a dead-end path to confrontation and enmity or a path to peace and prosperity," Foreign Minister Kim Sung-hwan said. “Six-party talks are a useful tool, but in order to achieve substantial progress through this, the right atmosphere should be created, including inter-Korean dialogue."