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Terrorism & Security

Rising food prices feed security concerns

Asian nations have taken steps to stem rising prices of rice and palm oil. Corn and wheat prices have spiked as well.

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The Philippines said Tuesday that it had called on Vietnam to guarantee rice shipments in a sign of rising global anxiety over how nations could feed their people, Reuters reports. Philippines' president, Gloria Arroyo, contacted Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan to see if he could pledge an undisclosed supply of rice. Mrs. Arroyo appears to be the first leader to take an overtly political route to dispel the worries of her fast-growing population.

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In China, Premier Wen Jiaobao told governments at all levels to provide a steady and adequate food supply to the country's 1.3 billion population, the state-owned People's Daily news service reported.

Mr. Wen added that although China's grain output rose four consecutive years to top 500 billion kilograms in 2007, last year's consumer price index rose by 4.8 percent.

In the United States, Arkansas rice producers are seeing record and near-record crop prices, reports the Ashley County Ledger. One agricultural economist said low worldwide stocks drove the high prices and demand for biofuel stocks – corn for ethanol and soybeans for diesel as well as higher global demand – spurred the low supplies.

On Monday, the US price of rice, a benchmark for the world's fourth-largest exporter of the grain, rose to a record $400 per metric ton – up about 75 percent in the past year, reports Financial Times.

The US Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute's FAPRI 2007 US and World Agricultural Outlook forecasts a gradual decline in rice prices in 2008, but a steady rise over the next 10 years. The report is based on assumptions on the general economy, agricultural policies in the US and other nations, the weather, and technological changes.

These cost increases associated with use of food crops for fuel has been called agflation, according to The Economist.

The European Union responded to rising food costs on Tuesday with an announcement of its biggest-ever food aid package – €160 million ($243 million) – to help alleviate hunger in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East, reports Agence France-Presse.

The rising price of commodities has also affected US consumers, reports The Christian Science Monitor. The price of some types of wheat had nearly doubled over the previous four weeks alone. Rising food prices were hurting discretionary spending and making it difficult for the Federal Reserve, the US central bank, to balance rising inflation with a slowing economy.

The rising cost of another staple, corn, has also caused some North American protests. In Mexico City, the rising cost of tortillas – due to a 400 percent increase in corn prices – led tens of thousands of people to march in protest, reports the BBC.

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