French President Nicolas Sarkozy and British premier David Cameron secured crucial NATO backing of the rebels. Now they want to help the new Libya become a model for other Arab nations.
The ability of transitional leaders to rein in the scores of militias that helped oust Muammar Qaddafi will signal how capable they are of governing the new Libya.
An Amnesty International report released today said Libyan rebels 'committed abuses' amounting to 'war crimes,' raising fresh concerns about post-conflict justice in Libya.
NTC chairman Mahmoud Jalil called on Libya's rebels to overcome the friction, tribalism, and political squabbling that has marred rebel leadership at a critical time of transition.
Teachers at Nemuthajia Elementary School in Benghazi, Libya, will return Sept. 17 for the first day of classes in a new Libya. It will be the first time in 42 years they can teach the truth, they say.
One NATO leaflet directed at non-Libyan Qaddafi fighters warned in Arabic: 'You have been involved in violent acts against innocent Libyan civilians.... Leave this country now.'
Muammar Qaddafi may not be in Niger, but he has lots of friends to Libya's south.
Abu Salim prison, Muammar Qaddafi's most notorious dungeon for political opponents, was the brutal center of his efforts to retain power in Libya. One man helped dozens of prisoners escape.
Rebels and villagers near Sirte talk about their resentment of residents in Muammar Qaddafi's hometown of Sirte, who benefited from better services while areas to the east languished.
Libya rebels are amassing to the east and west of Sirte, and have given Qaddafi forces in the strategic city until Saturday to surrender.
The International Criminal Court is considering a new arrest warrant for Muammar Qaddafi's son Khamis after a massacre was discovered next to his brigade's barracks.
Western rebels say they won't accept a government run by the National Transitional Council's chairman, who is from the east and has yet to be seen in Tripoli since rebels seized the capital.
In Tripoli, human rights workers and locals are uncovering evidence of mass killings by Muammar Qaddafi's retreating army. Meanwhile, water distribution and other basic services are in disarray.
Over the weekend, concerns grew in Tripoli about the fate of black African workers who many Libyan rebels believe were mercenaries for Qaddafi.
After taking the oil towns of Brega and Ras Lanuf, Libyan rebels are trying to persuade Sirte residents to lay down their arms. The city, Qaddafi's hometown, is one of the regime's last holdouts.
How the rebels address immediate challenges – including regional and tribal divisions, as well as a thirst among some for revenge – will signal their ability to govern fairly in a new Libya.
Libya's rebels cracked down on looting and tried to prevent vigilante justice across the capital today as the National Transitional Council began setting up shop.
Malik Mohamed, a slight boy armed with an official press pass, pushes his way through hordes of experienced foreign correspondents to interview rebel officials for the Brega News Agency.
Libya's Transitional National Council faces a key challenge in reining in longstanding differences and ensuring that government law trumps tribal justice.
Libyan rebels say that they are preparing to wipe out the last few pockets of Qaddafi loyalists in the city, but a swift victory is not certain – raising concerns about an insurgency.
Libya rebel leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil also said that the National Transitional Council would allow Qaddafi safe passage into exile if he relinquished power.