Speaking at the celebration, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon called for restraint as the US weighs intervention in Syria.
As the US prepares a potential military strike on Syria, British Prime Minister Cameron announced he will make a renewed push for the UN Security Council to protect civilians.
Recurring reports indicate they offered oil and arms deals if Russia would stop backing Assad – but the Kremlin has little reason to accept.
An Israeli journalist argues that ranking Syria above all other problems in the region shouldn't result in ignoring 'lesser' ones.
Russia warns US and the West that military action in Syria would be 'illegal.' But a strike on Syria may also 'play into Moscow's hands,' says one expert.
The international community is still waiting on the results of a UN investigation into whether chemical weapons were used in Syria last week.
The United Nations inspectors were heading to the site of last week's alleged chemical weapons attack when unidentified gunmen forced the convoy to retreat.
Moscow says the UN should investigate the alleged attack earlier this week, but has also accused the opposition of fabricating evidence of the event.
The 1 million children who have fled Syria, and the 2 million displaced within the country, have been largely unable to get an education or receive help coping.
Russia's Foreign Ministry spokesman said that the reports are an effort to derail a planned peace conference led by Russia and the US.
Syrian opposition groups allege that the regime killed more than 1,300 people with the help of chemical weapons. The government denies the reports.
Just days after a UN team arrived in Syria to investigate alleged chemical weapons use, opposition groups say the government made use of an unknown 'poison gas.'
Comparisons of Egypt to regional nations that have witnessed ruinous civil wars are premature – but worth noting.
Claims that the rebels targeted Syrian President Assad's convoy have not been verified. Some question whether Assad's death would alter the balance of the conflict.