Last month's historic vote on South Sudan's independence raises a tough question for those who have fled the underdeveloped region: Should they return?
South Sudanese voted overwhelming in January for independence. Now, they face the reality of building the world's newest nation – from printing new currency to collecting taxes.
The death toll given Sunday by Sudan's military is more than double that of initial reports of clashes that started Thursday when former militiamen now serving in the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) refused to turn in their heavy weaponry.
Those who said that "winds of change" were blowing through the Middle East were right. The past few weeks have seen a series of political shifts in response to widespread discontent and popular opposition that once went unacknowledged. On Friday, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak ceded to protesters in Cairo and stepped down. As Egyptians' cries, first of anger and now of jubilation, beam into living rooms throughout the Middle East, here is a look at where those "winds of change" are taking us. (Editor's note: This is an updated version of a story that originally ran on Feb. 2)
The protests in Sudan's capital, Khartoum, were against politics as usual, not only the government of President Omar al-Bashir.
Protesters say Khartoum protests are connected to events in Tunisia and Egypt, but South Sudan's imminent secession sets these protests against a dramatically different background.
South Sudan's capital, Juba, is exploding with new construction, incoming foreign residents and new embassies.
Antigovernment protests in North Sudan led to the death of a university student Sunday while South Sudanese celebrated an overwhelming vote for independence.
South Sudan's long-awaited independence referendum produced an overwhelming turnout of 99 percent among voters in the south, one of the poorest and least developed regions on earth.
Many are skeptical of how much outsiders can help South Sudan build itself into a country, but correspondent Maggie Fick has met some she thinks can make a difference.
Although some results from South Sudan's referendum still need to be made official, Sudanese and international observers are beginning to look ahead to what comes with independence.
South Sudan's government has brought home hundreds of South Sudanese, but it seems unable to meet the needs of the people who arrived before that and are still trying to establish themselves.
Many South Sudanese are still skeptical of the chances of real peace, although South Sudan's leader has urged forgiveness for the north for its actions during Sudan's civil war.
Members of President Bush’s Africa team have steadily criticized President Obama's administration's approach to Sudan, even as the referendum appears to be unfolding peacefully.
The overwhelming vote for independence in South Sudan's referendum could help unify the South Sudanese as they begin the process of nation building.
At the end of voting in South Sudan's referendum, leader Salva Kiir called on the South Sudanese to forgive northern Sudan for past grievances, just as Nelson Mandela asked black South Africans to do at the end of apartheid.
Clashes over who controls the disputed border region of Abyei – and its oil – could greatly complicate South Sudan's move toward independence.
As the week-long Sudan referendum vote wraps up, the United States's words and actions show that it intends to continue a high level of diplomatic engagement.
New countries borne of partitions and border changes are not common, but will partial autonomy in Somaliland lead to secession now that South Sudan provides an example?
Lines were long on the peaceful second day of voting in South Sudan's independence referendum. But concerns rose over clashes in the Abyei region, along the north-south border.
The week-long referendum vote in South Sudan began Sunday. While it appears that relations between the north and south are calm, tensions within the south could prove to be a hurdle.
Many southern residents rose before dawn to get in line for their chance to vote in Sunday's historic referendum on whether semiautonomous South Sudan will secede from Sudan.
Clashes struck Sudan's north-south border Saturday, including in the nation's disputed flashpoint area of Abyei, sobering up an otherwise jubilant atmosphere in South Sudan on the eve of the region's historic vote for independence.
A vote for secession is all but certain in the independence referendum that begins Sunday. South Sudan is anticipating independence and a chance to build its own country.
While the referendum portends huge changes for South Sudan, which is likely to become independent, it will also bring political changes to the north, including a possible return to sharia law.