The South Sudan referendum will likely end in an overwhelming vote for independence, but Sudan is reluctant to give up claims to southern Sudan's oil wealth.
President Obama’s meeting with Sudanese leaders this week will set the stage for whether this US administration is seen as a credible arbiter between rivals in the north and south of Sudan.
President Obama is set to meet leaders of North and South Sudan next week to help prevent the decades-long civil war from restarting. But political dogma on both sides is corroding what little trust had been earned.
Negotiations are progressing slowly on an upcoming referendum to determine if South Sudan will become a independent nation, with little progress over how to share the region's oil wealth.
While the world focuses on the upcoming South Sudan referendum, the Sudanese government is making plans that could worsen the lives of 3 million Darfuris.
Much is riding on the South Sudan independence referendum scheduled for January 2011. The outcome of vote could spark a new conflict. Journalist Maggie Fick visits a contentious southern district to watch preparations.
The antigenocide group the Enough Project gathered five stories on human rights trends in Africa, from a book review on religious faultlines in Africa to a barge ride down the Congo River.
Kenya allowed Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, who is facing war crime charges, to visit. The move was smart for domestic and regional politics, although it brought international criticism.
If a referendum on South Sudan's independence ends with a vote for secession from Sudan, internal clan rivalries could complicate the transition to independence.
South Africa's ruling African National Congress said Tuesday that Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir, who has been indicted on war crimes, would be arrested if he came to South Africa.