Members of President Bush’s Africa team have steadily criticized President Obama's administration's approach to Sudan, even as the referendum appears to be unfolding peacefully.
The overwhelming vote for independence in South Sudan's referendum could help unify the South Sudanese as they begin the process of nation building.
At the end of voting in South Sudan's referendum, leader Salva Kiir called on the South Sudanese to forgive northern Sudan for past grievances, just as Nelson Mandela asked black South Africans to do at the end of apartheid.
As the week-long Sudan referendum vote wraps up, the United States's words and actions show that it intends to continue a high level of diplomatic engagement.
New countries borne of partitions and border changes are not common, but will partial autonomy in Somaliland lead to secession now that South Sudan provides an example?
The week-long referendum vote in South Sudan began Sunday. While it appears that relations between the north and south are calm, tensions within the south could prove to be a hurdle.
While the referendum portends huge changes for South Sudan, which is likely to become independent, it will also bring political changes to the north, including a possible return to sharia law.
While problems remain in some spots along the border, it seems increasingly likely that the Sudan referendum on southern Sudan's independence could go smoothly.
The year 2011 will include some big developments in Africa to look out for – Sudan's referendum and the continuing strife in Ivory Coast, among others.
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir recently said that if mostly-Christian South Sudan votes to secede in a Jan. 9 referendum, the predominantly Muslim north will begin adhering more strictly to sharia law.
The UN is already preparing for the potential of significant violence following Sudan's Jan. 9 referendum, which could disrupt food supply and prompt mass migrations.
Long-anticipated violence along Sudan's border region finally sparked up recently. The Enough Project traveled to the site to ask 'Why now?'
Local journalists found greatly polarized opinions among Abyei's Ngok Dinka and Misseriya communities, a window into the tension surrounding next month's Abyei vote and a larger referendum on Sudanese unity.
The Enough Project provides a summary of recent developments related to the Jan. 9 Sudan referendum.
Ethnic tensions rise as large numbers of displaced Ngok Dinka return to Abyei ahead of the historic Jan. 9 Sudan referendum.
International actions and the situation on the ground both indicate that people inside and outside Sudan do not yet know what will happen after the Sudan referendum on Jan. 9.
Sudanese refugees who fled to Kenya are making preparations to vote in the upcoming Sudan referendum, even though they've moved outside the country's borders.